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精品藏品推荐:宣德炉
2021-06-18 22:13:01 来源: 网络

【藏品名称】:宣德炉

[collection name]: Xuande stove

【藏品数量】:一件

[collection quantity]: one piece

【藏品简介】:宣德炉,是由明宣宗朱瞻基在大明宣德三年参与设计监造的铜香炉,简称“宣炉”。宣德炉它是中国历史上第一次运用风磨铜铸成的铜器。为了制作出精品的铜炉,在朱瞻基的亲自督促下,整个制作过程,包括炼铜、造型必须自《宣和博古图》《考古图》等典籍及内府密藏的数百件宋元名窑中,精选出符合适用对象、款制大雅的形制,将之绘成图样,再呈给其亲览,并说明图款的来源和典故的出处,经过筛选确定后,再铸成实物样品让其过目,满意后方准开铸。

[introduction to collection]: Xuande stove is a copper censer, which was designed and manufactured by Zhu Zhanji, Xuanzong of Ming Dynasty, in the third year of Xuande of Ming Dynasty. Xuande furnace is the first copper ware made of wind mill copper in Chinese history. Under Zhu Zhanji's personal supervision, in order to make a high-quality copper stove, the whole production process, including copper smelting and modeling, must be selected from the Xuan he Bo Gu Tu, archaeological Tu and other ancient books as well as hundreds of famous kilns of song and Yuan Dynasties in neifu's Secret collection, and the shapes that meet the applicable objects and are elegant in money system should be drawn, and then presented to them for personal inspection, and the source of money and allusions should be explained, After screening and confirmation, we can cast the real sample and let it have a look.

2021-06-18 22:09:06.048000

大明宣德炉的基本形制是敞口、方唇或圆唇,颈矮而细,扁鼓腹,三钝锥形实足或分裆空足,口沿上置桥形耳或了形耳或兽形耳,铭文年款多于炉外底,与宣德瓷器款近似。除铜之外,还有金、银等贵重材料加入,所以炉质特别细腻,呈暗紫色或黑褐色。一般炉料要经四炼,而宣德炉要经十二炼,因此炉质会更加纯细,如婴儿肤。鎏金或嵌金片的宣德炉金光闪闪,能够给人—种不同凡器的感觉。

The basic shape of Xuande furnace in Ming Dynasty is open, square or round lip, short and thin neck, flat and bulging belly, three blunt cone-shaped solid feet or split crotch empty feet, with bridge shaped ears, Le shaped ears or animal shaped ears on the top of the mouth. The year of inscription is more than the bottom of the furnace, which is similar to Xuande porcelain. In addition to copper, there are gold, silver and other valuable materials added, so the furnace quality is particularly delicate, dark purple or dark brown. Generally, the furnace charge has to be refined four times, while Xuande furnace has to be refined twelve times, so the furnace quality will be more pure and fine, such as baby skin. The gilded or inlaid Xuande stove is glittering, which can give people a different feeling.

宣德炉最妙在色,其色内融,从黯淡中发奇光。史料记载有四十多种色泽,为世人钟爱,其色的名称很多。例如,紫带青黑似茄皮的,叫茄皮色;黑黄像藏经纸的,叫藏经色;黑白带红淡黄色的,叫褐色;如旧玉之土沁色的,叫土古色;白黄带红似棠梨之色的,叫棠梨色,还有黄红色的地、套上五彩斑点的,叫仿宋烧斑色;比朱砂还鲜红的斑,叫朱红斑;轻及猪肝色、枣红色、琥珀色、茶叶末、蟹壳青等等。明朝万历年间大鉴赏家、收藏家、画家项元汴(子京)说:“宣炉之妙,在宝色内涵珠光,外现澹澹穆穆。”

Xuande furnace is the most wonderful in color, its color in fusion, from the dark in the hair. According to historical records, there are more than 40 kinds of colors, which are loved by the world. For example, purple with green black eggplant skin, called eggplant skin color; Black and yellow like Sutra paper, called Sutra color; Black and white with red and light yellow, called brown; If the earth of the old jade is Qin colored, it is called ancient earth color; White yellow with red like the color of Tang pear, called Tang pear color, and yellow red ground, covered with colorful spots, called song Shao spot color; More than cinnabar also bright red spot, called vermilion; Light and pig liver color, jujube red, amber, tea powder, crab shell green and so on. During the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, Xiang yuanbian (Zijing), a great connoisseur, collector and painter, said: "the beauty of xuanlu lies in the Pearl in the color of treasure, and the Danmu outside."

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